During this last month of infancy, you may begin to notice signs that your baby won’t be a baby much longer.

As independent mobility and independence in general ramp up, you’ll start to get a glimpse into behaviors that foreshadow the toddler years ahead.

Your baby might already be walking (though most don't just yet) and talking (don't worry if that isn't the case), and she's certainly having the time of her life exploring, communicating and getting into everything she can get her little hands on.

So have that second cup of coffee or tea and get some rest if you can, because your older, active baby is going to give you a run (literally!) for your money! 

Here's what to expect from your 11-month-old baby.

Your 11-month-old baby's development

At a Glance

Sleeping basics
Sleeping basics
At this age, babies typically sleep about 11 hours at night (many straight through) and take two daily naps that add up to three to four hours.
Feeding basics
Feeding basics
Baby should eat ¼ to ½ cup each of grains, fruit and veggies, ¼ to ½ cup of dairy foods and ¼ to ½ cup of protein foods three times a day. You can still offer your baby 16 to 24 oz of breast milk or formula a day.
Did you know?
Did you know?
Now's the perfect time to start teaching your little one some basic differences between what’s right and what’s wrong.

Your baby has come such a long way from her early baby days, when even holding her head steady was a developmental feat. By now, your almost-toddler could be cruising (walking by holding onto furniture) and possibly standing alone for a minute or two.

A few 11-monthers will be able to walk on their own, though the majority of babies don’t take their first steps until around 13½ months, and many not until considerably later. When other development is normal, late walking is rarely a cause for concern.

No matter where your baby is on the walking spectrum, bring out the pull and push toys, like the baby doll stroller, the toy shopping cart, or the activity center on wheels that baby can push around the house.

Ride-on toys that push your little one toward independent mobility will also appeal to your little cruiser.

Also on the development front, your baby will likely be able to clap hands, wave bye-bye, bang toys together, raise her arms to be picked up, drink from a cup, pick up a tiny object neatly with the tips of her thumb and forefinger, possibly say “Dada,” “Mama,” and other words with meaning (though many won’t say their first word until 14 months or later), copy sounds and gestures you make, and even roll a ball back to you.

Continue to stimulate your baby’s cognitive, language and fine motor skills by providing blocks and other stacking toys, puzzles and shape sorters, puppets, activity cubes, musical toys, crayons and markers, and lots of books.

Role-play toys will start to play a role too, as baby becomes more imaginative and a master mimic. Think: dolls, a playhouse, a play kitchen, pretend food and tableware, a toy phone, a workbench, and a doctor's kit.

Most importantly, when it comes to baby’s milestones, remember that every child is different, and each one masters skills like standing and walking at a variety of ages.

Children learn best when you let them learn at their own pace, so give your little one the space to explore, observe and participate. She will reach those milestones when the time is right for her.

If something doesn’t feel okay to you, or if you’re concerned that she’s hitting milestones much later than her peers, check in with your pediatrician for reassurance or guidance.

Your 11-month-old baby's growth

As baby nears the end of the first year, boys will have grown to anywhere between about 17 to 27 pounds and a height of 27 to 32 inches. If your baby is a girl, expect a weight of 15 to 25 pounds and a height of 26 to 31 inches.

By now, you should be taking the first steps toward weaning your little one off the bottle, aiming to be completely bottle-free just after the first birthday and no later than around 18 months unless your doctor tells you otherwise.

What about weaning from the breast? Experts recommend that breastfeeding continue — ideally — for at least a full year, and then for as long as both mom and child want to keep it up.

So if you’re still nursing and want to continue, go for it. There’s no reason not to breastfeed into the toddler years if you’re in no hurry to wean your little one, and your tot is in no hurry to be weaned.

But since busy toddlers need more protein, vitamins and other nutrients than breast milk alone can provide, be sure to offer the required solids, plus cow’s milk to drink, after the first birthday so your tot is getting the proper nutrition for her age.

Your 11-month-old baby's health

As her first birthday approaches, you may have noticed that your little one isn't quite so little anymore.

Her ever-growing physical abilities — combined with a newfound independence and mobility — mean that you'll have to keep a close eye on her at all times.

Brushing baby's teeth
Brushing baby's teeth
Walking safety
Walking safety
Preventing choking
Preventing choking
Sore throats
Sore throats
Motion sickness in babies
Motion sickness in babies

Postpartum & baby tips

Your independent baby

Right now, your 11-month-old baby is learning to be independent in small but significant ways.

For example, she may be able to swig milk (breast milk or formula, that is — she's still not ready for cow's milk quite yet) from a cup, and eat dinner mostly by self-feeding — with a generous allowance for the bib, the high chair tray and the floor.

When you dress baby, she may push those little arms and legs through the sleeves and leg holes if you guide them.

Teaching baby about rules

Some little ones respond well to a gentle "don't touch, that's dangerous," while others need to hear a firmer tone or be physically removed from the enticing object. Your goal: fair limits, lovingly enforced. You know your baby best, so follow your instincts.

Be consistent, or you'll confuse your child and she'll have a hard time understanding what rules she should follow and which ones don't matter as much. 

Remember, too, that distraction is your friend. You can't — and shouldn't — prevent your baby from ever getting into mischief, but you can usually avert a disaster (or a tantrum) by offering an appealing alternative.

Spice up dinnertime

Struggling to prioritize your own dinner now that you're also preparing solid meals for your baby? Instead of getting takeout burgers, try making healthier, flavor-packed patties at home on busy weeknights.

Here’s the secret to zinging up lean ground turkey or beef: Stir in a little curry powder or paste, then toss in diced red bell peppers or shredded carrots for a sweet antioxidant-packed punch.

Grill ’em up, then place your burgers on whole wheat buns and add a spoonful of bottled mango chutney.

Want a future burger feast at the ready? Freeze uncooked patties separately to pop on the BBQ or stove top.

Taking baby on the slide

Stand next to the slide and glide your little one gently down it, feet first. If she likes it (or doesn't!), it'll be pretty obvious.

You can also show your baby how a ball or toy car rolls speedily down the slide. And it's not too early to point out some playground safety rules that you'll enforce when she's a bit bigger, like waiting for other kids to get off before you take a turn and not climbing up from the bottom.

Watch your iron intake

Feeling tired lately? You might be low on iron.

Iron is a must-have nutrient for making the hemoglobin in red blood cells that shuttles oxygen from the lungs to other cells throughout the body. When our iron levels dip, there's less hemoglobin to carry the oxygen around.

Fortunately, iron is easily replenished, especially if you're a meat eater. Find lean or extra-lean cuts that contain fewer than 10 grams of fat per 3.5-ounce serving, like top- and bottom-round roast and steak, top sirloin steak and sirloin-tip side steak. For vegetarians, look no further than quinoa. 

Whether you’re cooking steak or quinoa, serve it with a side of dark, leafy greens, like kale or Swiss chard. They're both good sources of vitamin C, which helps your body better absorb the iron.

Pet safety rules

If you have a pet or are getting one soon, remember these pet safety tips:

  1. Never, ever leave a baby or toddler alone with a dog or cat, no matter how sweet and gentle the animal is.
  2. Use a baby gate to keep your dog out of whatever room your child is in. Better yet, crate your canine when you need to create some distance between your dog and your child. Not only is this an effective way to separate them, but your pup will probably also appreciate it. To a dog that's stressed out from being chased around, a crate will feel like a safe haven.
  3. At the very least, your dog should respond to these simple commands: “sit,” “down,” “stay,” “come” and “off” (a signal to get back on all fours after jumping on someone). Even if you didn’t take your dog to obedience school as a pup, it’s not too late to pick up the basics. Your vet can help you find a trainer or class that’s appropriate for your dog’s breed, temperament and age. It’s harder to teach a cat to behave, but cats usually run away when they feel threatened.
Baby shoes

Want to buy your baby's first pair of shoes? For now, keep those tootsies bare. Bare feet give your toddler’s feet a closer encounter with the floor, and that will help develop balance and coordination.

If you’re concerned that it’s too cold in the house, get socks with non-skid soles.

For outdoor excursions, keep the shoes lightweight and flexible. If your child is walking, choose well-fitting, comfortable shoes like sneakers.

Stay away from tall booties or groovy high-top sneakers — too much ankle support can actually slow down your walker by constricting movement.

From the What to Expect editorial team and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect When You're Expecting. What to Expect follows strict reporting guidelines and uses only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and highly respected health organizations. Learn how we keep our content accurate and up-to-date by reading our medical review and editorial policy.

  1. What to Expect the First Year, 3rd edition, Heidi Murkoff.
  2. WhatToExpect.com, When Do Babies Start Walking?, August 2021.
  3. WhatToExpect.comWhen Do Babies Start Talking?, July 2021.
  4. WhatToExpect.com, When Do Babies Stand Up?, October 2021.
  5. WhatToExpect.com, When Do Babies Start Clapping, Waving and Pointing?, September 2021.
  6. WhatToExpect.com, Fine Motor Skills, September 2021.
  7. WhatToExpect.com, How to Wean Your Baby off the Bottle, March 2021.
  8. WhatToExpect.com, How to Wean Your Baby From Breastfeeding, July 2022.
  9. WhatToExpect.comWalking Safety, February 2019.
  10. WhatToExpect.comHow to Prevent Motion Sickness in Children, November 2020.
  11. WhatToExpect.comFirst Aid for a Choking Child: How to Help an Infant or Toddler Who Is Choking, September 2021.
  12. WhatToExpect.comBrushing Baby’s Teeth, June 2022.
  13. WhatToExpect.com, Sore Throats in Babies and Toddlers, August 2022.
  14. WhatToExpect.comHow Much Should My Baby Eat?, January 2023.
  15. WhatToExpect.comHere's How Much Sleep Babies Need, May 2022.
  16. WhatToExpect.com, Can You Teach a Baby Discipline?, November 2021.
  17. WhatToExpect.com, Best Baby Shoes, August 2021.
  18. WhatToExpect.com, All About Pets and Kids, February 2019.
  19. WhatToExpect.com, Playground Safety for Babies and Toddlers, August 2021.
  20. American Academy of Pediatrics, Discontinuing the Bottle, December 2011.
  21. American Academy of Pediatrics, Physical Appearance and Growth: Your 1 Year Old, August 2009.
  22. Sleep Foundation, How Much Sleep Do Babies and Kids Need?, January 2023.
  23. The Sleep Doctor, How Much Sleep Does Your Baby Really Need?, December 2022.
  24. American Academy of Pediatrics, Sample Menu for a Baby 8 to 12 Months Old, August 2022.
  25. American Academy of Pediatrics, Language Development: 8 to 12 Months, August 2009.
  26. American Academy of Pediatrics, Emotional and Social Development: 8 to 12 Months, August 2009.
  27. American Academy of Pediatrics, Movement: 8 to 12 Months, April 2021.
  28. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Breastfeeding: Frequently Asked Questions, August 2022.
  29. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Boys Growth Chart, November 2009.
  30. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Girls Growth Chart, November 2009.

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